Sri Lanka is an island of the Indian subcontinent, shaped like a teardrop falling from the southern end of India, situated between longitudes 79º 39E and 81º 53E and latitudes 5º 54N and 9º 52N. It`s 433km long from north to south and only 224km at its widest. It covers an area of 65,610sq km which is about the same size as Ireland. Today Sri Lanka is considered as one of the most bio-diverse areas in South Asia. Recent scientific evidence indicates that many of the plant species in the southwest of the country have a Deccan-Gondwana ancestry. On a global scale, Sri Lanka has been declared as one of the world’s 25 different hotspots in biodiversity.
Also known as the Golden Temple of Dambulla is a World Heritage Site (1991) in Sri Lanka.
The second most ancient of Sri Lanka's kingdoms was first declared the capital city by King Vijayabahu
Sri Lanka is a remarkable country for birds. Although small, it has a wide range of climate and habitat and over 435 species of birds. Out of these,235 are resident and these include the most important 33 species that are recognizes as endemic to the country. A further 198 species have been recorded as migrants to country.